Quick Answer: What Are The Mandatory Bargaining Subjects?

What are some of the permissive bargaining subjects in the labor relations process?

Permissive subjects include, for example, unit scope, selection of a bargaining representative, internal union affairs, and settlement of unfair labor practice charges.

Insist to impasse on a proposal concerning an illegal subject of bargaining, or include an illegal clause in a labor contract..

What are the three types of bargaining issues?

Bargaining issues are divided into three basic categories: mandatory, permissive and illegal subjects of bargaining. Mandatory issues of bargaining are those subjects that directly impact “wages, hours or working conditions.” These subjects have also been referred to as those that “vitally affect” employees.

What are the bargaining issues?

There are three main classification of bargaining topics: mandatory, permissive, and illegal. Wages, health and safety, management rights, work conditions, and benefits fall into the mandatory category. Permissive topics are those that are not required but may be brought up during the process.

What is regressive bargaining?

Regressive bargaining occurs when a party makes a subsequent proposal which is less advantageous to the other party than the preceding proposal.

Can an employer refuse to negotiate with a union?

No. Labor law doesn’t require the union or the employer to agree to any bargaining proposal. The law only requires the parties to negotiate in good faith with a sincere desire to reach agreement.

What is piecemeal bargaining?

Piecemeal Bargaining: Negotiate over each individual topic or issue one at a time. … Bargaining Notes: To substantiate the employer’s potential ULPs, the Union will require sufficient evidence.

Which of the following is an example of an illegal bargaining subject?

Illegal subjects of bargaining are unlawful under the NLRA. These include the following: closed-shop clauses, union-shop clauses in right-to-work states, “hot cargo” clauses and provisions that violate the NLRA or federal or state employment laws.

What are mandatory bargaining topics?

Examples of subjects that are mandatory for bargaining include wages, benefits such as health care and pension, grievance and arbitration procedures, contract length, seniority, union security clauses, strikes and lock outs, management rights clauses, and other terms and conditions of employment.

Is discipline a mandatory subject of bargaining?

Discretionary discipline, like pay rates and benefits, is a term and condition of employment, the NLRB explained, and, thus, a mandatory subject of bargaining.

What are the types of bargaining?

Types of Collective BargainingDistributive Bargaining. Distributive bargaining is defined as a negotiation process by which one party benefits at the others expense. … Integrative Bargaining. … Productivity Bargaining. … Composite Bargaining. … Concessionary Bargaining.

What is the bargaining process?

Collective bargaining is the process in which working people, through their unions, negotiate contracts with their employers to determine their terms of employment, including pay, benefits, hours, leave, job health and safety policies, ways to balance work and family, and more.

Is drug testing a mandatory subject of bargaining?

It is clear that drug testing after employment is a mandatory subject of bargaining under the NLRA, and therefore an employer cannot test contrary to its collective bargaining agreement.

What happens when an impasse is declared?

If the University and the exclusive representative for a group of employees (aka union) are unable to reach an agreement through collective bargaining, negotiations may be declared at an impasse. This means that neither side is willing to compromise further on any of the outstanding issues.

What are the three stages of the bargaining process?

The three stages are simply: Open: Say what you want. Bargain: Hammer out the deal. Close: Agree and exchange.

What are the best practices for collective bargaining strategies?

Overall, bargaining in difficult times is, well, difficult….Navigating a Difficult Bargaining EnvironmentAvoid letting bargaining drag on for months, even years. … Separate the monetary from the non-monetary. … Keep bargaining simple and focused on the essential issues. … Use a more Interest-Focused approach at the table.

What is bargaining in good faith?

Bargaining in good faith means meeting with the other side, exchanging bargaining proposals and making a sincere attempt to reach an agreement. This does not mean that you must agree with the other side’s proposals to avoid an unfair-labour-practice complaint.

What are the three types of subjects for collective bargaining?

There are three main classification of bargaining topics: mandatory, permissive, and illegal. Wages, health and safety, management rights, work conditions, and benefits fall into the mandatory categoryA collective bargaining topic, such as wages, that must be discussed in the agreement.. Permissive topics.

What is mandatory subject?

Mandatory subjects are those that directly impact – wages, hours or working conditions (or terms and conditions of employment). These are subjects over which the parties must bargain if a proposal is made by either party.

What is the bargaining zone?

The bargaining zone is the area where each side’s bargaining range overlaps, and is the area in which agreement is possible.

What is bad faith bargaining?

In collective bargaining, surface bargaining is a strategy in which one of the parties “merely goes through the motions”, with no intention of reaching an agreement. In this regard, it is a form of bad faith bargaining. … Under U.S. law, it is an unfair labor practice and a breach of the duty to bargain in good faith.

What should be included in a collective bargaining agreement?

A CBA sets the terms and conditions of employment, such as:Wages.Working hours and conditions.Employee benefits.Grievance and arbitration procedures.Limitations on strikes.The union’s rights and responsibilities.Management’s rights and responsibilities.