Question: Which Of The Following Is A Federal Law That Affects The Use Or Privacy Of Health Information?

What is the new set of federal privacy laws for healthcare patients?

Most health care providers must follow the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Privacy Rule (Privacy Rule), a federal privacy law that sets a baseline of protection for certain individually identifiable health information (“health information”)..

What are the three rules of Hipaa?

The three components of HIPAA security rule compliance. Keeping patient data safe requires healthcare organizations to exercise best practices in three areas: administrative, physical security, and technical security.

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) regulations established national privacy standards for health care information. HIPAA prohibits the release of information without authorization from the patient except in the specific situations identified in the regulations.

What constitutes sensitive health information?

2 Despite a range of opinions about what qualifies, in general sensitive health information is considered to be information that carries with it unusually high risks in the event of disclosure.

What is the Privacy Rule?

The Privacy Rule protects all “individually identifiable health information” held or transmitted by a covered entity or its business associate, in any form or media, whether electronic, paper, or oral. The Privacy Rule calls this information “protected health information (PHI).”

What are the four main rules of Hipaa?

General RulesEnsure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of all e-PHI they create, receive, maintain or transmit;Identify and protect against reasonably anticipated threats to the security or integrity of the information;Protect against reasonably anticipated, impermissible uses or disclosures; and.More items…

What is considered a violation of Hipaa?

What is a HIPAA Violation? The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability, or HIPAA, violations happen when the acquisition, access, use or disclosure of Protected Health Information (PHI) is done in a way that results in a significant personal risk of the patient.

How many Hipaa rules are there?

5Understanding the 5 Main HIPAA Rules.

What laws protect confidentiality?

The obligation to protect the confidentiality of patient health information is imposed in every state by that state’s own law, as well as the minimally established requirements under the federal Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) as amended under the Health Information Technology for …

Who must follow the Privacy Rule?

The organizations that are required to follow HIPAA rules and regulations are known as “covered entities,” and include health plans, most healthcare providers and healthcare clearinghouses.

With the rapid adoption of EHRs, serious issues in patient privacy rights need to be addressed: gaps in legislation, lack of trust in the system, and lack of patient control over their electronic data. Federal legislation, such as HIPAA and the HITECH Act, seek to safeguard protected health information (PHI).

Why is patient privacy important?

Privacy is important as it provides a secure environment for patients where they receive medical care and provide complete and accurate information, and which reinforces confidence in health care and emphasizes the importance of respect for patient autonomy [15].

How can we protect patient privacy?

Here are five things to think about.Think About People Before You Think About Data. … Encourage A Security Mindset Across The Organization. … Give The Patient Easy Access To Their Own Records. … Position HIPAA As A Benefit, Not A Box-Checking Exercise. … Turn Remote Access Into A Competitive Advantage.

What is the most common breach of confidentiality?

The most common ways businesses break HIPAA and confidentiality laws. The most common patient confidentiality breaches fall into two categories: employee mistakes and unsecured access to PHI.

What is the Health Information Privacy Protection Act?

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) is a federal law that required the creation of national standards to protect sensitive patient health information from being disclosed without the patient’s consent or knowledge.

What regulation provides patient privacy and how will it affect you in the medical field?

The HIPAA Privacy Rule for the first time creates national standards to protect individuals’ medical records and other personal health information. It gives patients more control over their health information. It sets boundaries on the use and release of health records.

What types of PHI does Hipaa require a signed authorization?

Use or disclosure of psychotherapy notes other than for specific treatment, payment, or health care operations (see 45 CFR §164.508(a)(2)(i) and (a)(2)(ii)) Use or disclosure of substance abuse and treatment records. Use or disclosure of PHI for research purposes. Prior to the sale of protected health information.

What is the most common Hipaa violation?

Here is the list of the top 10 most common HIPAA violations, and some advice on how to avoid them.Hacking. … Loss or Theft of Devices. … Lack of Employee Training. … Gossiping / Sharing PHI. … Employee Dishonesty. … Improper Disposal of Records. … Unauthorized Release of Information. … 3rd Party Disclosure of PHI.More items…•

What are the six patient rights under the Privacy Rule?

Right of access, right to request amendment of PHI, right to accounting of disclosures, right to request restrictions of PHI, right to request confidential communications, and right to complain of Privacy Rule violations.

Who must abide to the Privacy Rule?

Who Must Comply With The HIPAA Privacy Rule? The HIPAA Privacy Rule pertains to health care providers, health plans, and health care clearinghouses and to the business associates of these entities.

Is it illegal to share medical information?

There are laws that set out how your medical records and information can be shared. Any healthcare professionals who you see are bound by these rules. This means they cannot discuss your health information with anyone else without your consent.