Question: What Are The Four Principles Of OBE?

What are the two types of outcomes?

What are different types of outcomes?Progressive personal outcomes.Binary status outcomes.Personal goals..

Who is the father of OBE?

William G. SpadyWilliam G. Spady is an academic, educational psychologist, sociologist and is considered the father of Outcome-Based Education (OBE).

What is the focus of OBE?

Outcome-based education is a model of education that rejects the traditional focus on what the school provides to students, in favor of making students demonstrate that they “know and are able to do” whatever the required outcomes are. OBE reforms emphasize setting clear standards for observable, measurable outcomes.

What are the five learning outcomes?

The five learning outcomes are intellectual skills, cognitive strategy, verbal information, motor skills, and attitude. The intellectual skills, cognitive strategy, and verbal information are in the cognitive domain.

How do I write learning outcomes?

When writing learning outcomes, remember to:Focus on the student–what the student will be able to do by the end of the course or program.Describe outcomes, not processes or activities.Start each outcome with an action verb.Use only one action verb per learning outcome.Avoid vague verbs such as know and understand.More items…

What are the main principles of OBE?

OBE PrinciplesClarity of focus. This means that everything teachers do must be clearly focused on what they want students to know, understand and be able to do. … Designing down. … High expectations. … Expanded opportunities.

Why OBE is student centered?

OBE means clearly focusing and organizing everything in an educational system around what is essential for all students to be able to do successfully at the end of their learning experiences. …

What skills do you need for the 21st century?

The twelve 21st Century skills are:Critical thinking.Creativity.Collaboration.Communication.Information literacy.Media literacy.Technology literacy.Flexibility.More items…•

What are the basic principles of OBE according to Spady?

OBE Principles (Spady, 1994) An OBE curriculum means starting with a clear picture of what is important for students to be able to do, then organizing the curriculum, instruction and assessment to make sure this learning ultimately happens Clarity of focus This means that everything teachers do must be clearly focused …

What are the key issues in OBE?

Class size, expectations of learner characteristics and reality, teaching practice and evaluation, and student motivation were the most commonly discussed challenges. Self-reported instructor characteristics and the perceived role of the instructor often contradicted the OBE model of learning.

What is the definition of OBE?

noun. /ˌəʊ biː ˈiː/ /ˌəʊ biː ˈiː/ ​an award given in the UK for a special achievement; a person who has received this award (the abbreviation for ‘Officer of the Order of the British Empire’) She was made an OBE.

What are characteristics of OBE?

Outcomes-based Education (OBE) is an assessment-driven system that operates through the setting up of standards. Qualification/ unit standards are parameters that guide learners and the general public about qualities, values, attitudes, knowledge and skills expected of them as competent citizens, professionals, etc.

What is OBE approach?

Outcome Based Education DEFINITION: Outcomes based education (OBE) is a process that involves the restructuring of curriculum, assessment and reporting practices in education to reflect the achievement of high order learning and mastery rather than the accumulation of course credits” (Tucker, 2004). …

What is the purpose of OBE?

OBE is a powerful education strategy that should be used as a focus for curriculum planning, as a means of making informed discussions about the approaches to teaching and learning be adopted, and as a basis for the assessment of students/trainees and of the education programme itself.

What is an example of outcome?

A possible result of an experiment. Example: rolling a 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 are all outcomes.